短文改错高一必修一

发布时间:2017-02-08 来源: 短文摘抄 点击:

短文改错高一必修一篇一:高一英语单句改错专项训练

高一英语单句改错专项训练

考查类型:

1. 多词

1)不可数名词泛指时,多冠词,或不可数名词/抽象名词,多不当修饰词.2)谓语动词多不当助动

词3)感官使役动词后不定式作宾语补足语时多了to4)不是从句却加了关系词或连接词5)及

物动词后多了介词或副词6)比较级前多词7)词义重叠 / 冗词错误8)作时间状语的名词短语

前多了介词9)固定搭配中多词

2. 缺词

1)可数名词前缺限定词2)动词不定式缺to3)不及物动词后缺介词或副词4)固定搭配中缺词

50被动语态缺助动词be 6)句子成分残缺(一般缺谓语动词或动词)

3.错词

1)不定冠词a / an、定冠词或物主代词错误2)可数名词复数少了-s3)动词时态与时间状语

(或上下文)不一致4)语态错误5)非谓语动词形式错误6)主谓不一致7)代词和名词不一致

8)词义辨析错误9)介词与名词、动词或形容词搭配错误10)连词错误11)词类错误12)关系

代词或关系副词错误13)逻辑错误14)固定搭配和习惯用法错误

短文改错口诀

动词形,名词数,

注意形和副;

非谓动词细辨别,

习惯用法要记住;

句子成分多分析,

逻辑错误须关注。

一、动词形

主要包括两类错误:动词的时态和语态错误,以及主、谓不一致的错误。例如:

上述两例分别属于时态错误和主、谓不一致错误。找出此类错误的关键是树立牢固的时态概念,

注意短文内容发生或存在的时间,保持时间概念的一致性。

二、名词数

指名词单、复数形式的用法错误。常表现为将名词复数写成单数。例如:

…so that I’ll get good marks in all my

三、区分形和副

即区分形容词和副词在句子中的作用和具体用法。这也是高考短文改错的常考点。例如:

I’m sure we’ll have a 需要注意的是,形容词多用来做定、表、补语等,而副词只能在句子中作状语,修饰动词、形容

词、副词或整个句子。第一例中的wonderful作定语修饰time,第二句的Unfortunately作状语修

饰整个句子。

四、非为动词细辨别

这是考查最多的错误形式之一。主要有分词和动名词类错误,也包括不定式类错误。例如:

…in my spare time, but now I amfootball not only makes us grow up tall and strong but also …

My parents love me? and will do all they can ∧ make sure?

上述二、三例分别是动名词作主语,和不定式作目的状语。一般的,现在分词有主动态和进行时

的含义,而过去分词具有被动态和完成时的含义,不定式有将来时态的含义。

五、习惯用法要记住

主要考查习惯搭配方面的基础知识。这也是历年高考的常考点,其错误表现形式主要有三种:

多词、少词和搭配错误。例如: them to meet me at the railway station and…

We must keep in mind that we play for the team instead ∧ ourselves. 六、句子成分多分析

不同的句子成分要用不同的词类;不同的语景要选择不同的词语。这些都有待我们对句子结构和

句子成分作细致的分析,才能找出用词不当的错误。例如:

They ∧eager to know everything about China and? 第一例漏掉了谓语动词were,这是受寒于习惯的影响而导致的错误;第二例则是词类与它在句

子中的成分不相符,where是副词,不能作主语。

七、逻辑错误须关注

与句子的上、下文不一致,甚至相矛盾,属于逻辑性错误。如称谓上的张冠李戴,人名、地名、

时间、方位等方面的错误,常是这类错误的考查对象。例如:… no way of setting the matter except by selling the set.

上述第一例中的主语是Smiths(史密斯夫妇俩),因此后面的his不合逻辑。第二例中的more在

这儿表“再”的意思,才开始告诉别人,怎么能说“再告诉你一些事”?第三例讲的是为了解决

看电视时的争端,“我们”把电视机卖了;晚上没电视看了,所以与从前一样,大家又都读书了,

所以该用everyone。

1.一致性问题:

1)主谓一致 3.短文该错考查项目

2)时态一致 1)错词更正

3)名词的数 与格的一致 2.词的用法 2)多词删除

4)代词中指代关系的一致 1)词的分类知识: 3)缺词补漏

5)句式结构与语意的一致 2)构词法知识:

6)行文逻辑关系的一致 3)词的惯用法

短文改错的12个错误类型:

1. 冠词使用错误 2. 名词使用错误

3. 代词使用错误 4. 谓语动词使用错误

5. 非谓语动词使用错误 6. 介词使用错误

7. 形容词与副词使用错误8. 并列句与复合句

9. 用词重叠错误 10. 习惯用法错误

11. 逻辑错误 12. 一致性错误

四不改:

1. 单词拼写不改 . 2.大小写不改 .

3.词序不改 . 4.标点符号不改 .

名词和数词

1.Don’t lose hearts. You’ll be successful in time. 1_______

2.I need some more informations. 2______

3.These machines look the same,but they are of different kind. 3_______

4.People remember him for his contribution to the country. 4__________

冠词

1.At a very beginning, I choose a play and actors. 1_______

2.You can’t consider him a honest man.2_______

3.In China,children usually start school at an age of seven.3_______

4.The play is set in the Paris. 4_______

5.It is necessary for the teachers to add the art to their teachings. 5_______

6.I can’t stop because I’m in hurry. 6_______

代词

1.Knowing is one thing; doing is other.1_______

2.This is the best film which I have ever seen. 2_______

3.I also enjoyed the days when we spent together.3___________

4.The ones what you decide not to keep can be traded with other people. 4_________

5.He drove too fast, and the police stopped her and handed him a ticket. 5_______形容词和副词

1.By the time when he was 15,he had had his own lab. 1________

2.The bad news made us feel sadly.2________

3.Are you certainly that he will help us check the information?3________

4.The children learn to read and write,they play games as good.4________

5.He set off for work an hour before. 5________

6.I hate him as many as you do. 6________

7.he was caught in a heavily rain. 7________

8.It’s not good to keep children busily with their Studies all day long. 8________

介词

1.Don’t get into the habit of smoke.1__________

2.Waving one’s hand can be accepted for crying for help. 2___________

3.He called on Jenny on the hope of getting help from her. 3___________

4.Both Mary and her mother were pleased at the girl. 4___________

5.They will start working after an hour. 5__________

6.He is the very person that set the theater in fire. 6___________

7.I persuaded him to reduce the price at $1,500. 7___________

8.Your words encourage me to go on my study. 8___________

9.A great many of students would like to give up drinking. 9___________

10.China daily is also popular to students of English. 10___________

11.Class three intends to put in a dance. 11___________

12.I want to see it by my own eyes.12___________

动词

1.She look like enjoying the concert the other day. 1________

2.Water pollution often bring on disease. 2________

3.The students watches the teacher doing the experiment. 3________

4.He care for collecting coins. 4________

5.So far, he made a living by picking up wastes. 5_______

6.The young man dressed in blue are my brother. 6_______

7.The church burned down yesterday date from the 18th century. 7________

8.He is said saving money to buy a bicycle.8_______

9.Money is spend to look after people with illnesses. 9_______

10.She was persuaded taking the job.

11.Compare to 1992, the price of grain was increased about 50%.

12.Judge From his accent, he is a southerner.

13.She is used to live in the country at present.

14.We should stop the children from play fire.

15.With a boy led the way,they started towards the village.

连词

1.Though it was cold, but he went out without a cat.

2.He likes sports but I like music.

3.Pick out the wrong sentences but correct them.

4.Work hard,and you’ll succeed sooner and later.

5.Whatever you do, and I’ll be right here waiting for you.

6.This kind of car costs a lot of money, and he can afford it.

巩固练习

Another problem is that good soil is gradual lost.

When trees is cut down,there is nothing to hold

the soil in the place on the hillside. So when it

rained,the soil is washed down the hills and into

the rivers.Strong winds can also blow out the

valuable soil lies on the top of the fields.

10_______ 11________ 12_______ 13_______ 14_______ 15_______ 1_________ 2_________ 3_________ 4_________ 5_________ 6_________ 1_________ 2_________ 3_________ 4_________5_________6____________

高一必修一单句改错题

(一)

1.Don’t lose hearts. You’ll be successful in time.

1.I need some more informations.

2.These machines look the same,but they are of different kind.

3.You can’t consider him a honest man.

5.In China,children usually start school at an age of seven.

6 can’t stop because I’m in hurry.

7.This is the best film which I have ever seen.

8.I also enjoyed the days when we spent together.

9.He drove too fast, and the police stopped her and handed him a ticket.

10.The bad news made us feel sadly.

1.hearts→heart 2.informations→information 3. kind→ kinds 4.a→ an

5.an →the 6.in hurry→ in a hurry 7.which→ that 8.when→ (which/that)

9.her→ him 10.sadly→ sad

(二)

1.Are you certainly that he will help us check the information?

2.Both Mary and her mother were pleased at the girl.

3.They will start working after an hour.

4.China daily is also popular to students of English.

5.She look like enjoying the concert the other day.

6.Water pollution often bring on disease.

7.The students watches the teacher doing the experiment.

8.He care for collecting coins. 9So far, he made a living by picking up wastes.

10.The young man dressed in blue are my brother.

1. certainly→ certain2.at → with 3.after→ in4.to→ with

5.look→ looked 6.bring→ brings7.watches→ watches 8.care→ cares

9. made→ has made 10.are→ is

(三)

1.Judge From his accent, he is a southerner.

2.She is used to live in the country at present.

3.We should stop the children from play fire.

4.With a boy led the way,they started towards the village.

5.Though it was cold, but he went out without a cat.

6.He likes sports but I like music.

7.Pick out the wrong sentences but correct them.

8.Work hard,and you’ll succeed sooner and later.

9.Whatever you do, and I’ll be right here waiting for you.

10.The Smiths did his best to make me feel at home.

1.Judge→ Judging 2.live→living 3.play→ playing 4.led→ leading

5.but\6.but→ while 7.but→ and 8.and→ or 9.and\ 10his →their

短文改错高一必修一篇二:必修一、二单句改错分类训练

必修一、必修二单句改错分类训练

单句改错

动词形,名词数,

注意形和副;

非谓动词细辨别,

习惯用法要记住;

句子成分多分析,

逻辑错误须关注。

一、动词形

主要包括两类错误:动词的时态和语态错误,以及主、谓不一致的错误。例如:

2. Such a thing has never∧ heard of.二、名词数

指名词单、复数形式的用法错误。常表现为将名词复数写成单数。例如:

…so that I’ll get good marks in all my

三、区分形和副

即区分形容词和副词在句子中的作用和具体用法。这也是高考短文改错的常考点。例如:

1. I’m sure we’ll have a 四、非谓动词细辨别

这是考查最多的错误形式之一。主要有分词和动名词类错误,也包括不定式类错误。例如: … football not only makes us grow up tall and strong but also …

3. My parents love me… and will do all they can ∧ make sure…

五、习惯用法要记住

主要考查习惯搭配方面的基础知识。这也是历年高考的常考点,其错误表现形式主要有三种:

多词、少词和搭配错误。例如: them to meet me at the railway station and…

2. We must keep in mind that we play for the team instead ∧ ourselves. 六、句子成分多分析

不同的句子成分要用不同的词类;不同的语景要选择不同的词语。这些都有待我们对句子结构和句子成分作细致的分析,才能找出用词不当的错误。例如:

1. They ∧eager to know everything about China and…

七、逻辑错误须关注

与句子的上、下文不一致,甚至相矛盾,属于逻辑性错误。如称谓上的张冠李戴,人名、地名、时间、方位等方面的错误,常是这类错误的考查对象。例如:

一、动词形

主要包括两类错误:动词的时态和语态错误,以及主、谓不一致的错误。

1. English changed greatly over time.

2. Ever since middle school, my sister Wang Wei and I dreamed about taking a great bike trip.

4. Playing football not only makes us strong but also give us a sense of team spirit.

5. Daisy wake up and found a flying carpet by her bed, which made her excited.

6. He said that he has been abroad for 3 years.

7. A new hospital is built in our city now.

8. The computers have used in offices and homes since 1970s.

9. She insisted that she could organize the trip properly.

10.The Smiths have married for over 30 years.

11. They had fallen in love for about two years before they got married.

12. The boss requested that all the work must be finished as soon as possible.

13. Only about one fifth of the books is written for children from seven to ten years old.

14. Tom, together with his friends, are going to swim this afternoon.

15. Today the number of people learning English in China are increasing rapidly.

16. They had written three letters since they came back.

17. This is the first time I had been here.

18. The volleyball match will put off if it rains.

二、名词数

指名词单、复数形式的用法错误。常表现为将名词复数写成单数

1. Can you give me some advices on how to lose weight.

2. English is one of the official language used in India.

3. It is a great fun to swim in the river on a hot day.

4. Sometimes they may play to passer-by in the street or subway.

5. Great change have taken place in China over the past ten years.

6. The earthquake caused great damages to the city.

7. I need some more informations.

8. This computer cost me eight thousands yuan.

三、区分形和副

即区分形容词和副词在句子中的作用和具体用法。这也是高考短文改错的常考点。

1. The teacher is kind to his students and he is thought good of by his students.

2. Last night, his father came back late as usually.

3. The Winter and the Summer Olympics are held every four years on a regularly basis.

4. After school, the students went straightly home.

5. … because I knew it would help us achieve our dream of making black and white people equally.

6. The bad news made us feel sadly.

7. He was caught in a heavily rain.

8. He often comes to work early and leaves off lately.

四、非谓动词细辨别

这是考查最多的错误形式之一。主要有分词和动名词类错误,也包括不定式类错误。

1. All the exciting basketball fans were waiting in line to see Yi Jianlian, a new star after Yao Ming.

2. As time going by, tigers are getting rare in the world.

3. Many young people attach great importance to be famous in the world.

4. The old house is well worth repaired.

5. When asking to answer questions in class, he was always too nervous to speak.

6. I am amazing at what you have told me .

7. I have many hobbies, such as play basketball and so on.

8. A man calling John Smith is asking to see you.

9. I’m looking forward to have a chance to go abroad.

10. The teacher is concerning about his students’ health.

11. The problem deserved to considering.

12. Have you ever dreamed of play in front of thousands of people at a concert?

13. This book tells you how to avoid get ill while travelling.

14. There are four of us here, includes two boys.

15. When cross the street, he was knocked down by a car.

16. We requested him put an end to his speech.

17. She gave me a determination look—the kind that said she would never change her mind.

18. The selfless doctor devoted his time to rescue the injured.

19. Buried himself in his research, he didn’t notice the stranger come in.

20. I would like have you do me a favour.

21. It's no use explain such things to the little child.

22. Judged From his accent, he is a southerner.

五、习惯用法要记住

主要考查习惯搭配方面的基础知识。这也是历年高考的常考点,其错误表现形式主要有三种:

多词、少词和搭配错误。

1. I haven’t been able to be outdoors for very long that I have grown so crazy about nature.

2. Today a number of people learning English in China is increasing rapidly.

3. It is widely known that natural resources should be made good use.

4. All the old people should be taken good care.

5. I prefer to go out for a walk rather than to stay at home on such a sunny day.

6. He prefers going out to stay at home.

7. He is such good a student that we all make him our good example.

8. He made such many mistakes in his composition.

9. I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with the nature.

10. Why not join discussions and show interest in other people’s ideas.

11. What’s your attitude of the problem?

12. The football match was put off because the bad weather.

13. We’re going to do some shopping. Will you join in us?

14. At the end of 16th century, about five to seven million people spoke English.

15. The Mekong River becomes rapids as it passes across deep valleys.

16. It was very kind for them to meet me at the railway station.

17. I’d like very much come but I have an examination on Monday.

18. When class begins, all students enter into the classroom.

19. She married with a man whom she didn’t like.

20. He is such clever that all his classmates like him.

21. Under the help of my computer, I finished drawing soon.

22. I have chosen these caps because of I like their colors.

23. Although it was great fun travelling abroad, but it will also cost lots of money.

24. I tried to lose we

短文改错高一必修一

ight by eating less. As result I totally changed my shape.

25. Would you be kind enough let us know when you are arriving?

26. I would be grateful for you if you give me some advice.

27. Do you have any difficulty on listening?

28. Senior High teachers are not similar with Junior High teachers .

29. There is no such a thing as standard English.

30. Don’t lose your heart. You’ll be successful in time.

六、句子成分多分析

不同的句子成分要用不同的词类;不同的语景要选择不同的词语。这些都有待我们对句子结构和句子成分作细致的分析,才能找出用词不当的错误。

1. There are 500 people present at the meeting, most of them are teachers from middle schools.

2. Workers built shelters for survivors who homes had been destroyed.

3. We have reached a stage which we have almost no rights at all.

4. Think of a situation which the expression can be used.

5. No one knows how the universe was came into being.

6. He is in the charge of our class.

7. The fish what we bought this morning were not fresh.

8. Do you want a friend whom you could tell everything, like your deepest feelings and thoughts?

9. She and her family hid away for nearly 25 months after they were discovered.

10. He wonders that the Smiths will come to his party.

11. There are four times as many girls than boys in our class.

12. While he walking the dog in the park, he happened to meet an old friend.

13. How are you getting along well with them?

14. This is the reason why she explained to me just now.

15. I live in Beijing, where is the capital of China.

16. Knowledge is much important than anything else.

17. Which do you prefer, horse riding and shooting?

18. It was at midnight when I got back home yesterday

19. They in search of a cure for Ebola(埃博拉)now.

20. This is the way which she speaks to me.

21. I can well remember there was a time that I grew so crazy about nature.

22. You should pay more attention to the rainforest that I live.

23. Those are invited are all famous experts.

24. This room is four times as larger as that one.

25. So far they haven’t decided when leave.

26.This is the factory where we visited last week.

27. The climate here is warmer than it in my hometown.

28. The boss tried to make hard to finish the task.

29. This is the best film which I have ever seen.

30. The weather turned out to be fine, that was more than we could expect.

七、逻辑错误须关注

与句子的上、下文不一致,甚至相矛盾,属于逻辑性错误。如称谓上的张冠李戴,人名、地名、时间、方位等方面的错误,常是这类错误的考查对象。

1. He drove too fast, and the police stopped her and handed him a ticket.

短文改错高一必修一篇三:2016高一短文改错练习1

1. Ladies and gentlemen,

Welcome to our school. It’s great honor for me to receive you and introduce anything about our school. What I most want to introduce is that we held a science and technology festival last week, that has made the students interested in science. Students were asking to read a science book, see a science film, make a small invention and wrote an article about science. We had great fun or learned a lot. On my opinion, the science festival is no good for us. Only by develop science and technology can we make our country stronger and live a more comfortably life.

2. I will never forget my teacher Miss Li, who is my English teacher when I was in high school. Miss Li was younger, pretty and kind-hearted. That is hard for me to describe how she was like. However, she really had her own personalities. She had us elect our monitor and decided where to go for an outing. Beside, she liked to have us solving problems by our own. And we made great progress quickly in our studies. It wasn’t long since the most of us behaved properly because we found her a good friend who we could depend.

3. Music plays a important role in my life and listen to music is my favorite activity. Usually I preferred to express my feeling through music, and I like pop music best. I don’t like rock music because of I think it’s too noisily. When I am tired after studying or when I am nervous before exams, music helps me feel relaxing and fresh. I am not good at singing or I can play piano and the violin. In addition, I am fond of listening to foreign song in order to learn more about the cultures of different countries as well learning about the world better. Music makes your life more colorful.

4. After graduate from college, I worked for a large company. During a team-building activity, all the participants(参加者) asked to describe who their heroes were and why. When it was their turn, I was a little embarrassing. My hero, neither famous nor wealthy, was just the ordinary shoe-shining man. One day while he was shining my shoes, I asked him for some questions about his life. He deeply impresses me with his kindness and friendly. I discovered that this man with his money earning from his hard work had successful put his five children through college.

答案:

一.1. great前面加上a 2.anything改为something 3.that改为which 4. asking改为asked 5. wrote改为write 6. or改为and 7. On改为In 8. No 改为not 9. develop改为developing 10. comfortably改为comfortable

二.1. is---was 2. younger-----young 3.That-----It 4.how-----what 5. decided-----decide

6. Beside-----Besides 7. by-----on 8.去掉a 9. since-----before 10.depend后加on

三.1.a---an 2. listen—listening 3. preferred—preferred4. 去掉of 5.noisily—noisy

6. relaxing—relaxed 7.I can 前面的or---but 8. song- songs 9. well 后边加上as 10. your—my

四.

1.graduate-graduation 2.were ^asked 3.their--my 4.embarrassing--embarrassed 5.the--an

6.删for 7.impresses--impressed 8.friendly--friendliness9. earning--earned 10. successful--successfully

相关热词搜索:改错 短文 高一 必修 高一必修1短文改错 高一英语短文改错

版权所有 长安文学网 www.cablewaterski.cn