短文改错方法

发布时间:2017-02-08 来源: 短文摘抄 点击:

短文改错方法篇一:短文改错 做题方法及练习

短文改错

设题特点:给出一篇短文,一般都是以出自学生的书面表达为基本,文中共有

10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

答题要求:增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

短文改错常考的点主要是以下几个方面:

一是语法方面,主要测试动词(时态和语态,主谓一致,非谓语动词,短语动词)

名词(可数/ 不可数,单复数),代词的各种形式,

形容词和副词以及比较等级的用法;

连词、冠词、介词,固定搭配;

简单句、并列句和复合句(定语从句,及名词性从句),以及倒装、省略句等。

二是在行文逻辑方面,主要考查人物的性别及相应的指代代词或物的数量及

相应的指代代词的一致,句子的并列、递进、转折、因果关系等的相应关联词;

时间的先后顺序等 .

短文改错解题策略:

1.通读短文明确中心主题,整体把握时间、地点、人物、事件和行文逻辑

2.看标点确定句子头尾,明确句子特点(简单句、并列句、复合句、特别句式);

抓关键谓语动词看主语明确主谓关系,确保主谓人称、语态、时态一致。

3.划分意群,明确成分,化整为零,各个击破。

4.联系考点,依据原则,运用知识,分析解决。

6.通览检查,纠错补漏,确定结果

Dear Ms Smith,

I am secretary of the City Student Union (CSU). We were organizing an art

exhibition for high school students in city. This will be held on the 9th of July in the

Exhibition Hall of Beihai. More than 1000 painting will be on show, but high school

students and teachers from all the eight districts will come to the event. As you are

very popularly with us Chinese high school students, we’d like to invite for you to the

exhibition. We would be grateful when you could join them that day.

Looking forward to hear from you soon.

Yours,

Li Ming

1.were-----are2. In city-----in the city 3. This will-----It4.painting---paintings

5. , but-----and 6. Popularly-----popular7. Invite for you去掉for 8.when you---if you

9.join them---us 10. Hear from -----hearing

考点应对策略归纳:

1.抓主语,看谓语,主谓关系要统一(v. 时态/语态、主谓一致性,形式是否正确)

1)Now my picture and prize is hanging in the library.

2)She liked it very much and reads it to the class.

3)An English lady was finally decided that she really should learn to drive.

4) Books may be keep for four weeks.

5) Developing a good habit is important for children.

2名词性质要关注,可数与否须清楚。名词具有受限性,限制(特指、确指和泛指)、修饰

要重视

1)Kate covered it with a lot of Christmas light.

2)?so that I’ll get good marks in all my subject.

3)Good health is person’s most valuable possession.

4) We stopped to rest for a while and to drink some waters from a stream.

5) We climb everywhere, not only in America. We have been to Europe many time.

6) There are branch library in many villages.

7) I hope that you two could come and visit us some times soon.

3.代词出现不起眼,指代不明生疑点, 验名正身别怕烦,确保一致心里安。

1) I just smiled to me and thought , “What can I do ?”

2) Finally, the men threw away most of his clothes to save themselves .

3) I read your e-mail to my parents and showed them the photo you sent it to me .

4)I liked those classes because I felt that it helped me.

5)And they must not break the rules too often if we want to win the game.

4. 英汉词性易混乱,形、副、名、介较常见,成分关系是关键。

(形作定表,副作状,名词功能莫要忘)

1). I’m sure we’ll have a wonderfully time.

2). The cup looks beautifully.

3). I would describe myself as shy and quietly.

4). He came back lately last night.

5). He asked angry if we had finished the work.

6). Charles said, “As soon as I see a real tall building, I want to climb it.

7). Unfortunate,there are too many people in my family.

8).The beautiful of the lake attracts us a lot.

5.连接词语需检验,逻辑关系前后辨。

1). I told Mother, Father, Sister, all my friends here what a great time I had.

2). She was smiling but nodding at me.

3).I’d like to stay there for half a month, visiting places of interest or practicing my English as well.

4).We tried to fix it and there was nothing we could do.

6.介词多少也要看,搭配错误较常见。

1.Because the help you gave me that summer, my life changed.

2. When a young man starts to earn his own living, he can no longer expect others to pay his food .

3. At Christmas Eve, Jim went with his father to choose a Christmas tree.

4.After five years away in my hometown, I find that ?

5.As you are very popular with us Chinese high school students, we’d like to invite for you to the exhibition.

6. , so they are very strict in their children.

7. ?so that we can help each other on the course work.

7.非谓语动词是考点,见面验证别嫌烦。

1) Soon I began to enjoy talk to myself on paper...

2).Looking forward to hear from you soon.

3).I have often dreamed of talk face to face with you.

4). Play football not only makes us grow up tall and strong but also ?

5) I just want to thank you for helping me becoming a different person .

6). We fed monkeys, visiting temples and told stories.

8.固定搭配看清楚,习惯用法要关注。句式特点整体看,引导词语是关键。

1.As a result, (来自:www.cablewaterski.cn 蒲公 英文 摘:短文改错方法)people in the modern world generally live much more longer than people in the past.

2.Suddenly, I caught a sight of my English teacher.

3. My teacher advised me to keep my diary.

4. I don’t know that they don’t like to talk with me.

5. I think I’d email you and let you know what things are going.

6. I live in Beijing,where is the capital of China.

7. It turned out to be her own cup, that she’d left on the shelf by mistake. 练习

1.My sister saw a lovely cup when we are shopping the other day. She liked it at once. Then she bent down and picked up to look at a price on it. As she did this, lots of tea splashed on his T-shirt! I had to try hardly not to laugh at her shocked face! My sister wanted get out of the shop as fast as she could when a shop assistant came over to us. It was turned out to be her own cup, that she’d left on the shelf by mistake. The assistant was clearly as embarrassing as my sister, for I just thought it was funny!

2. Most families in China hoped their single children will have a happy future, so they are very strict in their children. So do teachers in schools! Many children are given so much homework that they have hardly any spare time have sports. The children are forbidden to do anything but to study. No wonder so many children are tired of lessons. Some even attack or kill his parents and teachers! I believe many people already read this kind of news in newspapers or magazines. Shouldn’t we draw lesson from the accidents? Now our government is carry out a plan to solve the education problems.

Key1 1.Were shopping 2.picked it up 3.at the price 4. Her T-shirt 5.try hard 6.want to get 7.it turned out 8.which she’d9.embarrassed 10.for--but/yet/while

Key2. 1. Hope 2.strict with 3.so are 4. Time to have sport5.but study 6.their parents 7. Have already read 8.draw a lesson 9.is carrying

短文改错方法篇二:短文改错做题方法和注意事项

Winners winers be over finish做完事情 Germans

中日友好是一致,英法同盟a 改e, 其它一律加s

Happy ,glad ,enjoy

Happiness show ,performance, useful,

Improve, us, we, our, to him, I’ll give some money to you.

Experience, experienced, special, particularly, especially

Bike ,bicycle, exam, examination

1. 名词:单复数用错,可数名词跟不可数名词混用

2. 数词:基数词和序数词混用

3. 形容词:最高级前少the, 单音节前加more, 或比较级前加

more

4. 冠词:an, a, the

5. 代词:性别用错,单复数用错

6. 连词:but, and, so, because, 让步状语从句中连接词用了but

7. 固定搭配:带有介词的短语,介词用错, talk about---talk for/in/at

8. 固定用法:keep doing sth, be interested in doing sth/sth

9. 多一个词

10. 少一个词

11. 时态

12. 语态:主动和被动混用

1. 看到an,改为a, 或者the

2. ing改为ed结尾

3. 单数变复数,或者复数变单数

4. 主动改被动,或被动改主动

5. but 改and, 或and 改but, so 改because, because

6. 看到but就删掉 so, 改

短文改错方法篇三:短文改错的常见考点和解题方法

【命题特点】

本来用复数,却用单数.

【改正方法】

(1)根据名词前的修饰限定成份;

(2)根据上下文的逻辑关系.

【详解】

1).She said that she and my schoolmate all wished me success.(schoolmate改为schoolmates)

2). After class we become stranger at once.(stranger改为strangers)

3). They want me to devote all my time to my studies so that I’ll get marks in all my subject.(subject改为subjects)

4). On the way up I was busy taking picture since the scenery was so beautiful.(picture改为pictures)

5). There are advantage for students to work while studying at school.(advantage改为advantages)

6). He had no ideas that the kitchen was not forguests.(ideas改为idea)

7). I looked at his other hands. (hands改为hand)

【命题特点】

1.女性代词指代男性或相反;

2.单数指代复数;

3.代词词性误用。

【改正方法】

联系上下文的逻辑关系。

【代词的错误特点】

1.人称代词的偷换错误

2. 缺少人称代词的错误

3. 人称代词数的一致问题

4. 人称代词格的一致问题

【详解】

1).The Smiths did his best to make me feel at home.(his改为their)

2).I have a good friend who’s name is Liu Mei.( who’s改为whose)

3).It was about noon when we arrived at the foot of the mountain. The three of them were very excited.(them改为us)

4).Soon I began to enjoy talking to myself on paper as I was learning to express me in simple English .(me改为myself)

5).One day I wrote a little story and showed to my teacher .(showed后加it)

6).Some students may also save up for our college or future use .(our改为their)

【命题特点及改正方法】

介词涉及搭配错误,因此可从以下方面确定错误:

1)介词的基本用法;

2)习惯搭配;

3)动词词类确定错误,如talk,, serve, wait等。

介词短语常常考,固定搭配要记牢。介词后边跟宾语,结合语境细推敲。

【详解】

1).We do not seem to get much time to talk about together.(去掉about)

2).I was so tired that I fell asleep at the moment my head touched the pillow. (去掉at)

3).The main problem was in that I always thought in Chinese and tried to translate anything into English.(去掉was后的in)

4).We’ll talk with our plan for the weekend over dinner.(with改为about)

5).I am writing to thank you with your kind help. (with改为for)

6).He was looking for a glass the cupboard. (glass后加in)

7).Each these lines stands for a trouble in my life. (each后加of)

【命题特点及改正方法】

现在时与过去时的误用,句中一般没有时间状语。每年都考。要注意联系上下文,着眼于整个语篇的时态。通常整篇都是过去,突然一个句子用现在时。其中又以一般现在时和过去时互改为多。

【详解】

1).They did not want me to do any work at home; they wantme to devote all my time to my studies so that---(did改为do)

2).The time passes quickly. Evening came.(passes改为passed)

3).She liked it very much and reads it to the class.(reads改为read)

4).I don’t know that they don’t like to talk with me.Sometimes, we talked to each other very well in class.(talked改为talk)

5).I will write again and send you the photos we take together.(take改为took)

6).We had guests last night who have not stayed in a B&B hotel ago.(have改为had)

【命题特点】

主要考查and、or、but、so等并列连词的误用。

【改正方法】

1)根据句意确定误;

2)根据句子的逻辑关系确定错误。

【详解】

1).She is smiling at me but nodding at me.(but改为and)

2).It looks as if my parents treat me as a visitor and a guest.(and改为or)

3).The food was expensive and the service was good.(and改为but)

4).I came into the living room and saw one of them just go through the kitchen door but turn on the light.(but改为and)

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